The 3Rs principles were first introduced over 60 years ago and they establish the accepted standards for humane experimentation on animals. These principles are endorsed and incorporated by all responsible scientists and have become embedded in national and international legislation regulating the use of animals in scientific procedures.
The 3Rs are:
• Replacement – methods which avoid or replace the use of animals;
• Reduction – methods which minimise the number of animals used per experiment;
• Refinement – methods which minimise any suffering and improve animal welfare.
For more information about the 3Rs, please visit:
UK National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement & Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs)
Swedish Toxicology Sciences Research Center, Swetox
Danish 3R Center
Norwegian Consensus Platform for Replacement, Reduction and Refinement of animal experiments, Noreca.
Finnish centre for alternative methods
Finnish Ministry of Agriculture and Forest (MAF)
The 3R Research Foundation Switzerland
Het Nationaal Comité advies dierproevenbeleid, NCad (NED).
Dutch National Centre for Animal Research Alternatives (Nationaal Kenniscentrum Alternatieven voor dierproeven)
International Alternatives Organizations Database
If you would like to see your organisation listed here, please contact us.